Sunday, January 9, 2011

Wikileaks : Bukti US Prejudis terhadap Asia

Petikan Yahoo

TOKYO – Japanese and American officials discussed taking action to weaken a prominent anti-whaling group, with Tokyo insisting that Sea Shepherd's confrontations on the high seas actually hurt efforts to reduce whaling, U.S. diplomatic cables show.

The U.S. representative to the International Whaling Commission, Monica Medina, discussed revoking the U.S.-based conservation group's tax exempt status during a meeting with senior officials from the Fisheries Agency of Japan in November 2009, according to the documents released by WikiLeaks on Monday.

Sea Shepherd Conservation Society's yearly protest campaigns — which chase Japan's whaling fleet in boats trying to disrupt the hunt by fouling fishing lines and throwing rancid butter at whalers — have drawn high-profile donors and volunteers, and spawned the popular Animal Planet series "Whale Wars." In Japan, the harrassment is seen by some as foreign interferance in national affairs, making politicians wary of getting involved.

Action against Sea Shepherd would be a "major element" in achieving success at international negotiations on the number of whales killed each year, the cables cite the director general of Japan's fisheries agency, Katsuhiro Machida, as saying.

Referring to Sea Shepherd, Medina said "she believes the USG (U.S. government) can demonstrate the group does not deserve tax exempt status based on their aggressive and harmful actions," according the cables.

Paul Watson, founder of Sea Shepherd, said Japan has previously pressured foreign governments to take action against the group, such as revoking the registration of its ships. He said the organization had last been audited about two years ago, which is before the exchanges detailed in the cables.

"We have had our tax status since 1981, and we have done nothing different since then to cause the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) to change that," he told The Associated Press by telephone from his ship.

The diplomatic cables, posted on WikiLeaks' secret-sharing website early Monday but dated Jan. 1, show Japanese officials repeatedly told U.S. counterparts the group's actions were making whaling a political issue and hurting any chance of a compromise on the numbers of whales killed each year.

Sea Shepherd vessels are currently chasing Japan's whaling fleet in the Antarctic Ocean in the hopes of interrupting its hunt, which kills up to 1,000 whales annually and typically lasts from December to February.

Japan hunts whales under the research exemption to a 1986 worldwide ban on commercial hunts. Critics say there is no reason to kill the animals, and the research program amounts to commercial whaling in disguise because surplus meat from the hunt is sold domestically.

Protest ships harass the whaling fleet, and clashes between the sides often take place. On Saturday, Watson said that whalers had shot water cannons at anti-whaling activists nearby.

Last January, a Sea Shepherd boat was sunk after its bow was sheared off in a collision with a whaling vessel and a New Zealand protestor was later arrested after he boarded a Japanese whaling ship. He was taken to Tokyo and later deported.

The cables are dated before an International Whaling Commission meeting last year that was seen as a major chance to end a decades long stalemate. They show the U.S. worked with Japan in late 2009 to reach a deal on the issue, calling it an "irritant" in international relations.

The meeting ended without a major agreement.

"Action on the SSCS (Sea Shepherd Conservation Society) would be a major element for Japan in the success of the overall negotiations," a Japanese official said, according to one cable.

Watson said Monday that his group was against anything less than a complete stop to Japan's whaling program in Antarctica. The activists hope to block whaling activities for the Japanese fleet so it incurs deep financial losses.

"I don't think a solution is going to come through politics, it's going to come through economics," Watson told The Associated Press by telephone from his ship while pursuing the Japanese fleet.


Petikan diatas diambil dari Yahoo.com beberapa minggu yang lalu dimana artikel yang dikeluarkan oleh laman pembocor rahsia maklumat US, Wikileaks. Laporan diatas menunjukkan bahawa pegawai US sedang berbincang tentang aktiviti pemburuan ikan Paus di Jepun.

Dalam tulisan diatas, menunjukkan pegawai diplomat US dan Jepun berbincang tentang tindakan terhadap kumpulan yang menangkap ikan Paus di perairan Laut Selatan. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society mengecam tindakan kumpulan yang memburu ikan Paus.

Sepanjang bulan satu 2010, siaran televisyen National Geographic melalui dokumentari Whale War telah menayangkan kisah pemburu ikan Paus Jepun. Penyiaran ini sengaja dilakukan untuk memalukan Jepun.

Kisah konflik diantara Sea Shepherd Consevartion Society ( SSCS ) telah lama berlarutan sejak berpuluh tahun dahulu. Ia bermula apabila kapal SSCS mengejar kapal pemburu ikan paus Jepun kerana merasakan tindakan pemburu ikan paus Jepun adalah salah disisi undang-undang.

Tatkala itu, pihak kerajaan Jepun pula mempertahankan orangnya kerana mendakwa yang tindakan menangkap ikan Paus Jepun adalah untuk tujuan penyelidikan. Pihak keselamatan laut Jepun bertindak agresif terhadap aktivis SSCS ketika mereka mengejar kapal Jepun.

Masalah dikatakan bermula apabila dunia tidak mengetahui berapa banyakkah ikan Paus yang telah ditangkap Jepun. Ini menyebabkan sebahagian pertubuhan pemuliharaan laut mengambil tindakan dengan sendirinya seperti dilakukan SSCS.

Amerika Syarikat pada lewat tahun 2007 ada meminta supaya Jepun tidak memburu ikan paus lagi. Kumpulan pecinta alam, Greenpeace juga menprotes tindakan Jepun dengan mengejar kapal pemburu ikan Paus.

Greenpeace mendakwa bahawa Jepun telah memburu hampir 1000 ikan termasuk spesis ikan terancam seperti ikan Paus Kelasa dan ikan Paus Sirip.

Media massa juga selalu mengeluarkan laporan terhadap aktiviti pemburuan ikan paus haram di Jepun. Malah terdapat laporan pada hujung tahun 2009 dimana aktivis pemuliharaan hidupan liar bertempur dengan pemburu ikan Paus Jepun.

Aktivis pemuliharaan Sea Shepherd menggunakan laser untuk menghalang kapal Jepun daripada mendekati mereka sementara pemburu ikan Paus Jepun melontarkan botol yang mempunyai bau busuk.

Mengikut laporan antarabangsa, aktiviti menangkap ikan Paus telah dibenarkan atas alasan penyelidikan namun pada tahun 1986 aktiviti itu diharamkan. Namun masih ada segelintir nelayan memburu ikan paus untuk dibuat hidangan.

Kerajaan Australia pimpinan Kevin Rudd pada tahun lepas telah mengecam tindakan Jepun yang terus mempertahankan aktiviti pemburuan ikan Paus. Kevin Rudd mengatakan bahawa kerajaan Australia akan membawa kes ini ke Mahkamah Antarabangsa The Hague jika kerajaan Jepun tidak menghentikan aktiviti pemburuan ikan Paus.

New Zealand juga menyokong tindakan itu dimana Menteri Luar New Zealand berkata '' Perbincangan diplomatik berkemungkinan selesai dalam beberapa minggu sahaja. Kita akan tahu tidak lama lagi sama ada kejayaan boleh diperoleh dengan cara ini '' sambil menegaskan bahawa mereka akan membawa ke The Hague jika tiada persetujuan.

Namun tahukah anda bahawa di Feroe Island, Denmark terdapat satu aktiviti yang diadakan setiap tahun dimana mereka akan membunuh beratus-ratus ikan dolphin. Kebanyakkan penyertaan disertai oleh golongan muda.

Golongan muda menyertai aktiviti ini atas alasan untuk menunjukkan kematangan mereka dengan membunuh ikan dolphin. Namun kebanyakkan mereka hanya menonton kekejaman manusia terhadap ikan dolphin ini.

Walaupun ikan dolphin ini berada dalam ancaman kepupusan, namun kerajaan Amerika Syarikat tidak menghebahkan berita tentang ini dan langsung tidak mengecam pembunuhan ikan dolphin yang berlaku di Denmark.

Ini jelas menunjukkan bahawa Amerika Syarikat mengamalkan prejudis terhadap negara-negara Asia.








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